A traumatologist is an orthopedic surgeon who specializes in treating both simple and complex fractures, as well as injuries and injuries caused by accidents or sudden violence.
The main goal of orthopedics and traumatology – a surgical subspecialty – is to treat patients with injuries and non-traumatic diseases of bones, joints and other supporting tissues.
The vast majority of patient care is performed with surgery, although the evaluation, planning and execution of conservative treatment are also important elements of this specialty.
Patients’ treatment is often completed in collaboration with specialists in other medical fields.
Patients with orthopedic problems usually do not need urgent treatment, while in traumatology – the study of injuries caused by accidents or violence – patients usually need urgent care and treatment.
Typical orthopedic and traumatic surgeries are arthroscopic joint surgeries, joint replacement surgeries, reconstructive bone and joint surgeries due to injuries or illnesses, and surgical treatments for vertebral diseases.
Non-surgical treatment usually involves the use of a splint and other supportive devices.
Groups of patients that require very demanding care and forms of treatment
Severely injured patients often need medical care and functional care, as well as demanding follow-up.
Similarly, patients with advanced degenerative diseases of the spine, joints or limbs may require special and very demanding treatment for their condition.
Injuries, such as broken bones (eg ankle, wrist, hip, shoulder) and other acute and unexpected conditions, including e.g. a lumbar disc herniation with neurological symptoms are common conditions that may require emergency care.
The purpose of Traumatology
An important mission for the field of developmental traumatology is to uncover the complex developmental interactions between an individual’s genetic makeup, neurophysiology, and unique psychosocial environment, taking into account experience-critical critical periods of neurobiological and psychological development.
In addition, research should be directed at discovering those processes that contribute to resilience as well as risk, as there is great variability in outcome after child abuse.
We are optimistic that research in the field of developmental trauma will contribute to an improved understanding of the risk and resilience of children who have been abused and therefore lead to improved interventions for this population.
Orthopedic injuries include any injury to the musculoskeletal system. Often, these injuries to the bones and joints are the result of an accident or injury to the body.
COMMON ORTHOPEDIC CATEGORIES OF INJURY
Injuries that can occur to most joints in the body include some of the following:
- Hernia (Sports Hernia)
- Excessive injuries
Sometimes, however, injuries can become more common with aging.
Age alone can be a risk factor for orthopedic injuries and other conditions seen by orthopedic specialists . For example, broken hips, compression fractures and osteoporosis are much more common in elderly patients.As people get older, their bones tend to lose density, which makes them more prone to fractures or compression fractures.
Some common acute orthopedic injuries are:
Ankle sprains often occur when you play sports or engage in high-impact activities or activities that involve many rapid twists, turns, or spins.
Anterior cruciate ligament rupture
An ACL involves rupturing the anterior cruciate ligament, which is the ligament that runs diagonally across the middle of the knee.
The ACL helps provide stability and keeps some bones in place.
Anterior cruciate ligament rupture often occurs during activities that include quick stops and starts or turns.
The meniscus helps your knee turn and carry weight.
If you turn or turn too quickly with your foot in place and your knee bent, you could tear your meniscus. It is a common injury in professional athletes and the elderly
Plantar fasciitis Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. It is caused by the repeated stretching of the plantar fascia, which is the ligament that connects the heel bone to the toes and supports the arch of the foot. Symptoms of plantar fasciitis may include pain, weakness, and inflammation or swelling in the affected foot. It can occur on one or both feet.
A labral tear is commonly known as a shoulder dislocation. It is usually an easy injury to diagnose because it causes severe pain and makes the shoulder or arm appear out of place. Accidents, contact sports and falls can cause shoulder dislocations. Rotary cuff tears can be acute, caused by a shoulder injury, or chronic, due to degeneration of the shoulder tendon over time.
They cause pain and severe stiffness when you try to raise your arm or move your shoulder. Repeated shoulder rotations in a short period of time can also stretch the shoulder joints and lead to a rotating cuff ring.
Excessive use of the muscles in the arm, forearm and arm can lead to a condition that causes elbow pain. It is also known as the golfer’s elbow.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome results from a pinned nerve in the wrist. There are many health conditions that can lead to this condition, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, wrist injuries and more. If you experience recurrent numbness, tingling, weakness or pain in your fingers, you should contact an orthopedic specialist for evaluation.
Peripheral radius fracture (wrist fracture)
Wrist fractures often occur after falling on an outstretched arm
Treatment options include immobilizing the wrist with a cast or, in some more severe cases, surgery.
Stress fracture is an injury that results from overuse in everyday life.
When muscles are tired and weak, their ability to protect their bones from impact is reduced. When muscles and bones are subjected to the same types of impact over and over again and the muscles are weak, the bones carry much of the impact and can break or shatter.
Compression fractures are tiny cracks in the bones that can lead to bone collapse. They are more common in the bones that support the spinal cord and the main cause of compression fractures is osteoporosis.